THE EFFECTS OF AGEING
Ageing is universal. It happens to all of us and the changes can go unnoticed, even for decades.
Exercise and nutrition can delay, and in some cases eliminate, the onset of most of ageing effects.
Knowing how and why your body changes with age will help discourage alterations in cell, tissue, and organ function that slow you down.
Ageing affects all our body functions and structures. If we do not look after ourselves then we will accelerate these ageing processes:
As we age bones get thinner, making us more susceptible to fracture.
Joints become less resistant to wear and tear. Ageing causes a decrease in the strength, size, and endurance of muscle tissue.
Dermal and epidermal cells diminish, causing easier bruising and tearing.
Healing takes longer and
There’s an increase in our vulnerability to infection.
Cardiovascular Effects of Ageing
Ageing brings on increased stiffness of the chest wall, diminishing blood flow through the lungs and a reduction in the strength of the heartbeat.
Blood vessels change by slowly thickening and become less elastic, increasing their vulnerability to normal wear and tear.
Older people take longer to recover from stress, a shock, or surprise.
After exertion, such as exercise, more time passes before our bodies return to a normal resting heart rate and blood pressure.
Older people often feel colder than their younger counterparts, largely due to diminished circulation.
All these facts cause faulty food absorption and body functioning, resulting in many negative gastronomical issues.
Immunological Effects of Ageing
Ageing decreases immunity by impairing the body’s production of antibodies, increasing the body’s susceptibility to autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.
Metabolic Effects of Ageing
Beginning around age 25, total body fat starts to increase, while muscle mass and body water decrease. Combining this with a decrease in activity level, you may weigh more as you age.
In addition, the expansion of your trachea contributes to a decreased surface area in your lungs, lung capacity and function drop off with time. Diminishing your ability to clear germs from your lungs, putting one at higher risk of infection.
Sensory Effects of Ageing
Ageing can also play havoc on your five senses: eyesight, hearing, taste, smell and touch.